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Revisiting the need for optimization of psychological interventions in the medical service system for elite athletes

Sergey I. Barshak(1), Aleksandra E. Igolkina(1), Kirill S. Nazarov(1), Igor N. Mitin(1), Sergey A. Parastaev(2), Andrey V. Zholinskiy(1), 1-Federal Research and Clinical Center of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation of Federal Medical Biological Agency, Moscow, Russia 2-Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia

Objective: revelation of disadaptation among Russian elite athletesof necessity to optimize psychological interventions among biomedical support system for elite athletes. All participants were athletes of several Russian national teams, among them cyclic sports, game sports, complex coordination sports, and combat sports. Materials and methods: data obtained from 1176 elite athletes during extended medical examinations (EME) within the period from 2015 to 2018 were studied. Results: research reveals the relationship between psychical adaptation and athletes’ gender, age, level of experience, and sport-related specifics. Conclusions: athletes of various Russian national teams (from juniors to elite) suffer from notable disadaptation. Thereupon the necessity of changes to the existing system of psychophysiological interventions within national teams (namely: development of preventive treatment programs and correction of disadaptation programs) verify its importance.

Keywords: 
elite athletes, Russian national teams, extended medical examination (EME), psychological interventions, biomedical support system, adaptation, disadaptation