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SPORT EMPLOYMENT AND THE LEVEL OF THE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OF THE STUDENTS

R. T. KAMILOVA(1), Z. F. MAVLYANOVA(2), B. E. ABDUSAMATOVA(1), L. I. ISAKOVA(1) 1-RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF SANITATION, HYGIENE AND OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES OF THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN, TASHKENT, UZBEKISTAN 2-SAMARKAND STATE MEDICAL INSTITUTE OF THE MINISTRY OF HIGHER AND SECONDARY SPECIAL EDUCATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN, SAMARKAND, UZBEKISTAN
Objective: to determine the structure and the level of physical activity of sedentary children, and those, who practice sports. Materials and methods: the study included 514 children, including 237 girls and 277 boys 7-18 years old (mean age – 14±0.25 years (M±m)) from regular school, academic lyceum and vocational lyceum in Tashkent. Participants were interviewed with a questionnaire to identify sports that they were engaged in and sports that they would like to be engaged in. To determine the level of physical activity we analyzed the participation time records (for 8-9 people in each age and gender group). All examined children were divided into 2 groups: 1st group – who regulary practice sports; 2nd group – sedentary children.
Results: 43.8% of participants were engaged in sports, and the boys were involved in sport 2.4 times more often than girls. The majority of boys were engaged in different types of martial arts, coordination and team sports; the majority of girls was engaged in coordination and strength and power sports.
Conclusions: more than half of children-athletes, in addition to the main type of sports, would like to have another kind of sport activity to train other muscle groups. 78.1% of children not involved in sports would like to visit the sports section. The duration of physical activity met the requirements only in male athletes.
Keywords: 
sport; physical activity; physical education; healthy lifestyle; sports section.