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NATURAL ADAPTOGENES ON THE BASIS OF BEEKEEPING PRODUCTS IN THE CORRECTION OF FATIGUE DURING THE RECOVERY PERIOD OF THE ANNUAL TRAINING CYCLE FOR ATHLETES OF WINTER COORDINATION SPORTS

A. O. NAUMOV(1), I. N. SMIRNOVA(2), S. S. SHAKHOVA(2), L. V. BARABASH(2), S. V. KREMENO(2) 1-SIBERIAN STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, TOMSK, RUSSIA 2-SIBERIAN FEDERAL SCIENTIFIC AND CLINICAL CENTER OF THE FMBA OF RUSSIA, TOMSK, RUSSIA
Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of the application of bee products in correction of signs of fatigue during the recovery period in athletes of complex coordination sports.
Materials and methods: 40 athletes of complex winter sports 15-21 years old (mean age – 19.05±3.42 years (M±m)) were examined: the main group (24 people) received 10% aqueous-alcoholic extract of bee moth larvae during 25 days of the recovery period; сontrol group (16 persons) received dry adsorbed royal jelly. The parameters of hematopoiesis, immune and hormonal status, physical working capacity were studied.
Results: a decrease in the concentration of TNF-α and IL-4, and increase in IL-1β and IL-6 within the reference values was established after the course of beekeeping products intake in both groups of athletes. The administration of the bee moth larva extract resulted in a decrease in the CIC (p = 0.010), an increase in the CD3 +, CD 19- lymphocytes (p = 0.028), CD3 +, CD4 + lymphocytes (p = 0.016), and signs of stimulation of erythropoiesis in the form of an increase in erythrocytes (p = 0.016) and reticulocytes (p = 0.027), as well as an increase in testosterone (p = 0.038) and physical performance (p = 0.041; p = 0.034), that was more pronounced in comparison with the royal jelly intake.
Conclusions: the use of bee moth larva extract in the recovery period resulted in more significant improvement in the state of the oxygen-providing blood system, correction of the immunological imbalance and hormonal parameters of adaptation, and preservation of the level of physical fitness achieved in the competitive period in comparison with royal jelly.
Keywords: 
high-coordination winter sports; recovery period; immune status; physical capability; extract of bee moth larvae; royal jelly.