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L-GLUTAMINE PEPTIDES AS A MEANS OF ACCELERATED REHYDRATION UNDER INTENSE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN ATHLETES

Т. А. PUSHKINA (1), Т. S. POPOVA (2), А. V. ZHOLINSKY (3), А. V. DMITRIEV (4), E. S. TOKAEV (5), М. S. KLYUCHNIKOV (3), А. Е. SHESTOPALOV (3), 1-FEDERAL MEDICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL CENTER NAMED AFTER A.I. BURNAZYAN, MOSCOW, RUSSIA, 2-RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF EMERGENCY CARE NAMED AFTER N.V. SKLIFOSOVSKY, MOSCOW, RUSSIA, 3-FEDERAL RESEARCH AND CLINICAL CENTER OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION OF THE FEDERAL MEDICAL BIOLOGICAL AGENCY OF RUSSIA, MOSCOW, RUSSIA,4-NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF PARENTERAL AND ENTERAL NUTRITION, MOSCOW, RUSSIA, 5-«ACADEMY-T» INNOVATIVE COMPANY, MOSCOW, RUSSIA
This review is devoted to the theory and practice of the use of glutamine dipeptides in sports. The pathway of L-Glutamine dipeptides is described from the moment of oral intake and entering the intestine to inclusion in intracellular metabolic processes of organs and tissues. The physico-chemical properties of L-Glutamine dipeptides are considered. Urgent effects of L-Glutamine dipeptides under conditions of physical stress and hydration stress, influence on motor and cognitive functions of athletes, positive influence on physical readiness of athletes for prolonged debilitating exercises, reduction of weight loss (rehydration) are described. Positive results of the study of the effect of oral administration of AH and electrolytes on the concentration of plasma electrolytes, physiological indices and neuromuscular fatigue in the process of endurance training, as well as neuroprotective and analgesic properties of L-Glutamine dipeptides are presented.
Keywords: 
L-Glutamine; rehydration; exercise; performance; motor and cognitive function; sports.