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FUNCTIONAL DISORDERS OF MUSCLE TONE AND ITS CORRECTION BY THE METHOD OF DYNAMIC MUSCULOFASCIAL MOBILIZATION IN ATHLETES

A. S. MOGELNITSKIY (1), O. YU. PAVLOVA (1), O. V. KUCHINSKAYA (2), 1-NORTH-WESTERN STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY NAMED AFTER I.I. MECHNIKOV, SAINT-PETERSBURG, RUSSIA 2-MUNICIPAL POLYCLINIC №94, SAINT-PETERSBURG, RUSSIA
Objective: efficacy evaluation of the method of dynamic musculofascial mobilization for restoration of myostatic reflex in athletes and sport veterans with musculofascial pain syndrome.
Materials and Methods: 60 athletes and sport veterans aged from 20 to 50 years old with functional disorders of muscle tone, accompanied by myofascial pain syndrome and deformations of the contours of the body participated in the study. Questionnaires and examination scales clinically appropriated in neurology were used to assess the degree of clinical disorders. We examined and treated 36 patients with signs of humeroscapular periarthrosis, epicondylitis of the elbow, gonarthrosis and coxarthrosis of the 1-2 stage and 24 patients with vertebrogenic radicular neural symptoms. All patients were treated by dynamic musculofascial mobilization (DMFM) by deep mechanical effect on muscles and the fascial intermuscular septums during active contraction of patient’s agonistic and synergistic muscles.
Results: 52 patients had complete recovery of physical activity with restoration of myostatic reflex of all muscle groups. 8 patients had the satisfactory result of treatment. Approximately half of treated patients during the 2nd session had recovery of muscle tone of all previously identified hypotonic muscles.
Conclusions: application of DMFM promotes active restoration of the myostatic reflex, reduction in the number of treatment sessions and their duration. The method of exposure is maximally simplified and can be performed by a specially trained nursing staff in terms of sports competitions.
Keywords: 
myostatic reflex; musculofascial pain syndrome; musculofascial therapy; dynamic musculofascial mobilization.