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CHOREOGRAPHIC «TURNOUT» AS A PHENOTYPIC MARKER OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE DYSPLASIA IN PHYSICAL ACTIVITY CONNECTED WITH MOVEMENT ART

O. S. VASILIEV, S. P. LEVUSHKIN RUSSIAN STATE UNIVERSITY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION, SPORT, YOUTH AND TOURISM (SCOLIPE), MOSCOW, RUSSIA

Objective: the research presents the results of a study choreographic turnout (hereinafter - the turnout) as a constitutionally caused anatomical and physiological features of the structure of the musculoskeletal system (ODA), which allows to perform certain professional tasks in the types of physical activity associated with the art of movement.
Materials and Methods: analysis of literary sources, anthropometry, somatoskopiya, clinical techniques and surgical trauma and orthopedic examinations, magnetic resonance imaging, a technique of ultrasound, X-ray, computed tomography. The study involved more than 300 athletes and dancers between the ages of 6 to 15 years.
Results: the study identified the main components of the turnout, which include: the shape and orientation of the acetabular anteversion femoral neck-shaft angle, tibial torsion, elasticity ligaments of the hip joint unit. The studies showed that the presence of turnout in athletes and dancers significantly correlated with clinical and instrumental signs of dysplastic hip type structure. At the same time in all subjects was found varying degrees of severity of dysplastic stigma ODA.
Conclusions: these results allow us to consider turnout as a phenotypic marker of connective tissue, which is important in the selection and biomedical accompanied by athletes and dancers in the course of their professional activity.
Keywords: 
sports; connective tissue dysplasia; turnout.