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JET LAG: СURRENT AND POTENTIAL THERAPIES

A. P. SEREDA, V. P. PIRUSHKIN, M. G. OGANNISYAN FEDERAL RESEARCH AND CLINICAL CENTER OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION OF FMBA OF RUSSIA, MOSCOW, RUSSIA
Traveling by plane is a big part of high-level athletes’ life. As training and competitions often take part in different countries and sometimes even on different continents, athletes are forced to fly by plane across several time zones. As a result, jet lag can occur. Jet lag is the cause of changes in sleep-wake cycle, sickness, and bad mood. That may result in a decrease of sports performance and competition results. The aim of this paper was an assessment of the latest information about the mechanisms of jet lag development, and the latest results of clinical investigations of its treatment and prevention, based on scientific periodicals publications. Jet lag is a relevant problem for frequent-flying athletes. Its treatment and prevention is an important part of team physician routine. Jet lag treatment method depends on a number of changed time zones, estimated duration of stay in the new time zone, presence and severity of Jet lag symptoms, and athlete’s individual capacity to adapt.
Keywords: 
jet lag; phototherapy; melatonin; ramelteon; armodafinil.