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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF FUNCTIONAL PARAMETERS OF YOUTH MONGOLIAN ATHLETES AND NON-ATHLETES

GUNDEGMAA LHAGVASUREN (1,2), BAT-ERDENE SH. (1,3), SUKHBAT G. (3) 1 -INSTITUTE OF PHYSICAL CULTURE OF MONGOLIA, ULAANBAATAR, MONGOLIA 2 -RUSSIAN STATE UNIVERSITY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION, SPORT, YOUTH AND TOURISM (SCOLIPE), MOSCOW, RUSSIA 3 -MONGOLIAN STATE UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCE, ULAANBAATAR, MONGOLIA

Objective: to study and compare the functional performance of children and adolescents in Mongolia, depending on the level of their physical activity. Materials and methods: 7113 healthy children and adolescents, aged from 9 to 18 years were investigated, including 1687 children (774 boys and 913 girls) not involved in sports (the control group), and 5426 (2721 boys and 2704 girls) – young athletes The following functional parameters were analyzed: peak expiratory flow speed volume (PEF), strength of grip of the right and left hands, systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP), heart rate (HR) at rest. We calculated basic statistical parameters of the functional indicators of Mongolian children and adolescents and performed analysis of variances.
Results: in children and adolescents PEF and strength of the handgrip increase with age. These indices are higher in young athletes than in children, not involved in sports. The indicators of blood pressure are rising unevenly: indicators abruptly increase in the early school age, after puberty jump there is a plateau in young athletes, in non-athletes fluctuation of blood pressure and heart rate was observed.
Conclusions: doing sports have a significant effect on the functional performance of children and adolescents. Functional development of young athletes’ is higher than that of children and adolescents not involved in sports.
Keywords: 
functional performance; young athletes; handgrip strength; peak expiratory flow rate; blood pressure.