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NATIONAL REGULATIONS ON MEDICAL CLEARANCE TO SPORTS, PHYSICAL CULTURE, COMPETITIONS AND PARTICIPATION IN THE TESTS OF THE RUSSIAN PHYSICAL CULTURE TRAINING SYSTEM «READY FOR LABOR AND DEFENSE» («GOTOV K TRUDU I OBORONE» – GTO, IN RUSSIAN)

E. A. GAVRILOVA NORTH-WESTERN STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY NAMED AFTER I.I. MECHNIKOV, SAINT-PETERSBURG, RUSSIA KRASNOGVARDEYSKIY DISTRICT MEDICAL EXERCISES DISPENSARY, SAINT-PETERSBURG, RUSSIA
The article is a comprehensive review of the orders, recommendations and other normative documents of the Russian Federation on pre-participation physical examinations for professional and amateur athletes, and obtaining a medical clearance to sports and physical culture, competitions, and participation in the tests of the Russian Physical Culture Training System «Ready for Labor and Defense» («Gotov k Trudu i Oborone» – abbreviated as GTO, in Russian). Formal procedures and questions e.g. which institution should give medical clearance, how long it is valid, age restrictions, protocols of pre-participation testing, and others are discussed. The paper also considers the principles of defining of medical groups for physical training, and health groups.
Keywords: 
pre-participation screening; medical clearance; sport; physical training; competition; «Ready for labor and defense»; legal documents.