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MANAGEMENT OF BIOMEDICAL SUPPORT OF HIGH PERFORMANCE SPORTS IN COUNTRIES – OLYMPIC LEADERS

D. M. MED VEDE V, A. V. VODOPYANOV, A. D. KISELEV RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF HYGIENE, PROFESSIONAL PATHOLOGY AND HUMAN ECOLOGY OF FEDERAL MEDICAL BIOLOGICAL AGENCY OF RUSSIA, SAINT-PETERSBURG, RUSSIA

Objective: to study the experience of biomedical support of high performance sport in countries – Olympics leaders.
Materials and Methods: systematic analysis of the available data on the organization of biomedical support of high performance sport in countries where the national sports teams had good results at the last Olympic games.
Results: there are two basic components of biomedical support of sports: scientific and methodological support of sports medicine, development and implementation of new medical and biological methods to in-crease athletic performance, and development of sports medicine with two focus areas: (1) medical and functional control, biomedical support of the main stages of sports activities (training process, competition and period after competition); (2) emergency health services, disease prevention, treatment and rehabilitation for athletes. Conclusion: the problem of sci-entific and methodological support of sports medicine, development and implementation of new medical and biological methods to increase athletic performance is the area of government responsibility and should be solved through governmental investments, such as funding of scientific programs and creation of specialized organizations for scientific and methodolog-ical support of athletes, as well as coordination of research, development and implementation of sports and medicine innovations.
Keywords: 
biomedical support of sport; national Olympic committees; sports medicine; sports medicine physician; higher sports achievements; Olympic leaders.