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COMPARISON OF THE FORMER (70-80S) AND THE CURRENT (2014) RUSSIAN PHYSICAL CULTURE TRAINING SYSTEM «READY FOR LABOR AND DEFENSE» («GOTOV K TRUDU I OBORONE» – GTO, IN RUSSIAN) TESTING NORMS FOR THE YOUTH

S. V. SHTEYNERDT (1), Е. V. МASHKOVSKIY (2), А. U. МAGOMEDOVA (2), М. I. APOSTOLOVA (2) 1 -RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF AESTHETIC MEDICINE AND PHLEBOLOGY LLC, KRASNOYARSK, RUSSIA 2 -I.M. SECHENOV FIRST MOSCOW STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, MOSCOW, RUSSIA

Objective: to compare the former (70-80s) and the current (2014) Russian Physical Culture Training System «Ready for labor and defense» («Gotov k trudu i oborone» – abbreviated as GTO, in Russian).
Materials and Methods: the normative results for various tests of the former and the current GTO systems for the youth were compared.
Results: some tests of the 2014 GTO are easier to pass, e.g. 100m run, long jump, 500- and 700-gramm ball throwing, trekking, ski race, cross-country race, swimming, and shooting. It should be stressed that the total number of tests in the 2014 GTO is lower than that in the old GTO system.
Conclusions: tests of the 2014 GTO are easier to pass in comparison to the Soviet GTO System. Further research of the anthropometric and functional characteristics of the youths is needed to develop fair sports testing norms for the current GTO system.
Keywords: 
«Ready for labor and defense»; GTO; youth; physical development; anthropometry.