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PHYSICAL EDUCATION (GYMNASTIC CLASSES) IN FEMALE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS WITH DIFFERENT HEALTH STATUS

YU. L. VENEVTSEVA, KH. M. LYASHENKO, E. A. MAKAROVA TULA STATE UNIVERSITY, TULA, RUSSIA

Objective: lack of the criteria for evaluation of the functional reserves of organism causes difficulties in providing physical education lessons for students with some medical conditions. The aim of the study was to examine physical endurance during obligatory gymnastic classes in 1-2nd year university female-students.
Materials and Methods: trend-analysis has been done to examine reactivity of the cardiovascular system before and after classes in 62 females, divided into 3 groups: healthy, with mild, and with moderate health impairments.
Results: despite the median influence of exercise was more prevalent in all groups (36.8-47.8%), trend-analysis revealed some differences according health status. Thus, healthy students tolerated physical activity better and had less difference in trend index. Females with posture impairments, scoliosis or mitral valve prolapse demonstrated greater heart rate after training than healthy ones, whereas systolic and diastolic blood pressure did not differ.
Conclusions: obtained data gives the opportunity to individualize load intensity during physical education lessons by use of trend analysis or heart rate monitoring before and after training session.
Keywords: 
female-students; physical education; health impairments; cardiovascular system; blood pressure.