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IMPROVEMENT OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMMES FOR STUDENTS. MEDICAL ASPECTS

A. P. ANISHCHENKO (1), A. N. ARHANGELSKAYA (1), K. G. GUREVICH (1), E. A. DMITRIEVA (1), N. G. IGNATOV (2), I. V. OSADCHENKO (3), E. V. ROGOZNAYA (2) 1 -MOSCOW STATE UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND DENTISTRY NAMED AFTER A.I. EVDOKIMOV, MOSCOW, RUSSIA 2 -PHARMACEUTICAL COLLEGE «NEW KNOWLEDGE», MOSCOW, RUSSIA 3 -MOSCOW STATE ACADEMY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION, MOSCOW, RUSSIA
Decrease in popularity of sports among the youth, and changes in energy balance due to malnutrition lead to obesity. Traditional methods of physical culture can’t solve the existing problem of hypodynamia and obesity in teenagers. The new the Russian physical culture training system “Ready for Labour and Defence” («Gotov k Trudu i Oborone» - abbreviated as «GTO», in Russian) allows determining the harmony of physical development, but it is suitable only for the trained persons. In order to prevent psychological problems and unpleasant feelings, related to the unsuccessful performing of exercises, it is necessary to adapt the physical education programs in institutions of higher education to the level of health and physical development of students. It is important to organize the main exercises on the «simple-to-complex» basis, exercises should develop flexibility; be of low intensity; be logical, easily repeated and memorable; and not have flexible standards. The article reflects the rationale of using yoga techniques for persons with hypodynamia. The new program of flexibility training includes an ashtanga-vinyasa yoga exercises.
Keywords: 
hypodynamia; obesity; students; physical education; ashtanga vinyasa yoga.