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RATIONALE OF A METHOD OF EXAMINATION OF PHYSICAL CAPACITY OF ATHLETES' OF THE RUSSIAN NATIONAL ROWING TEAM

A. S. SAMOYLOV, S. M. RAZINKIN, A. A. KISH, N. S. BOGOYAVLENSKIH, K. N. ZHARKOVA, P. A. FOMKIN BURNASYAN FEDERAL MEDICAL BIOPHYSICAL CENTER OF FEDERAL MEDICAL BIOLOGICAL AGENCY OF RUSSIA, MOSCOW, RUSSIA

Objective: to give a rational for examination of the physical capacity of athletes.
Materials and Methods: 23 athletes (13 male and 10 female) of the Russian national rowing team, 125 athletes (75 males and 50 female) of the national athletic team were tested on a treadmill, a bicycle ergometer and a rowing ergometer.
Results: in rowing team testing we get equal maximal oxygen consumption on the treadmill (non-specific) and on the rowing ergometer (specific), but there was a difference in anaerobic threshold and total physical work price (p<0,05). During athletics team testing we get lower maximal oxygen consumption rates on the bicycle ergometer (non-specific) and higher maximal oxygen consumption on the treadmill (specific).
Conclusions: specific exercise tolerance tests are highly effective for assessment of athletes’ functional state and predicting of competition results.
Keywords: 
ergospirometry; functional state; physical efficiency; tolerance test.