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THE IMPACT OF A THREE-YEAR TRAINING MACROCYCLE ON THE STATE OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR FUNCTIONAL CAPACITY SYSTEM AND PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE OF YOUNG HOCKEY PLAYERS

A. N. GARIFULIN (1), V. A. MARGAZIN (1), A. V. KOROMISLOV (1), D. M. SHVEDOV (2) 1 -YAROSLAVL STATE PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY NAMED AFTER K. D. USHINSKY, YAROSLAVL, RUSSIA 2 -«FITNESS AND WELLNESS PROGRESS CENTRE» LLC, YAROSLAVL, RUSSIA

Objective: to identify general patterns of dynamics of changes between the main indicators of the cardiovascular functional capacity and physical performance of young hockey players.
Materials and Methods: 20 players, aged 9-12 years, were involved in the study, which was conducted during a three-year training macrocycle. To assess the cardiovascular functional capacity, the PWC-150 test was carried out. Physical recovery was evaluated with the Ruffier functional test and the Harvard step test.
Results: the general physical working capacity was enlarged with 385,67±11,38 kgm/min in 9 years to 551,64±13,09 at the age of 12 years. Individual physical working capacity also increased and made 8,43±0,06 kgm/min/kg body weights at nineyear- old to 11,41±0,12 kgm/min/kg body weights at twelve-year-old. The excellent result in a step test (90 and more points) was noted in 11 and 12-year age. Poor or average results in this age weren’t found. According to Ruffier test none of the hockey players had the unsatisfactory result.
Conclusions: there is a positive dynamic of the functional reserves of young hockey players during the three-year training macrocycle, and also a significant increase in overall and individual physical performance according to the results of the PWC-150 test.
Keywords: 
young players; three-year training process; general and individual physical performance; functional reserves of cardiovascular system.