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EVALUATION OF ATHLETES’ INDIVIDUAL REACTIONS TO SAUNA-THERAPY

V. V. KHRAMOV SARATOV STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY NAMED AFTER V.I. RAZUMOVSKY, SARATOV, RUSSIA

Objective: to study vascular reactions to the sauna-therapy in athletes of different gender and age, and to develop a protocol for this procedure.
Materials and Methods: 120 well-trained athletes, both females and males, aged 18–45 years old, practicing team sports and martial arts were evaluated. The impact of a single sauna therapy procedure, which consists of five consecutive visits to the sauna-chamber with a stepwise increase of visit time from 2 to 10 minutes, at a temperature of 85 °C. Heart rate and blood pressure were evaluated with the Martine-test. Status of the autonomic nervous system was assessed by Kerdo index, oculocardiac reflex, orthostatic and clinostatic tests.
Results: normotensive type of reaction to the exposure to 80- 85 °C was found in 32 males (53.3%). Same reaction was found in 28 females (46.6%) to the exposure to 70–75 °C. Only a small number of athletes had a normotensive type of reaction after exposure to 90–95 °C.
Conclusions: gradual increase of the duration and temperature of exposure in sauna, and the monitoring of heart rate and blood pressure allows to select the optimal mode of sauna-therapy.
Keywords: 
sauna-therapy; individual reaction; adaptation; hemodynamics.