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RECREATIONAL AND TRAINING PROGRAMS TO INCREASE THE MOTIVATION OF OVERWEIGHT INDIVIDUALS

A. O. RAZINA, E. E. ACHKASOV, S. D. RUNENKO, O. A. SULTANOVA 1 -SECHENOV FIRST MOSCOW STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, MOSCOW, RUSSIA 2 -RESEARCH CENTER OF BIOMEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES OF FEDERAL MEDICAL BIOLOGICAL AGENCY, MOSCOW, RUSSIA

Objective: to develop individualized programs of health improvement and weight loss in students with overweight and first-degree obesity.
Materials and Methods: the study involved 82 students with overweight and first-degree obesity at the age from 17 to 21 years (mean age 18,5±1,4 years). 42 girls in the main group took exercises within individual health-training programs during 9 months, including dance therapy. 40 students in the control group were engaged in physical training within the curriculum of the university. We evaluated the components of body composition by bioimpedance analysis; physical performance (test PWC-170); adaptation reserves of the body (analysis of heart rate variability by R.M. Baevskyi, test Garkavi); functional reserves of the central nervous system (test hand-eye reaction by T.D. Loskutova); psycho-emotional status (Lusher test, SAN).
Results: among the students in the main group the average level of reduction of excessive weight and BMI was 15.9%, reduction in fat mass was 20%, in total and extracellular fluid was 18.1% and 19.6%, respectively; increase of physical working capacity was 27.2%; adaptation reserves increased by 32%; emotional stability improved by 20.7% and self-confidence grew by 31.7%.
Conclusions: the effectiveness of the developed health-training programs to reduce overweight was proved by positive dynamics of the majority of morphological and functional indicators in students in the main group.
Keywords: 
overweight; obesity; bioimpedance measuring; physical working capacity; adaptation reserves; psychological status; health-training program; aerobic exercise; dance therapy; the target heart rate zone.