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USE OF FUNCTIONAL FOOD FOR ELIMINATION OF FACTORS LIMITING THE PHYSICAL WORKING CAPACITY IN SWIMMERS

E. V. LOMAZOVA (1), A. V. PETRYAEV (2), M. P. YAKUSHEV (2), A. V. KALININ (3) 1 -СENTER OF SPORTS MEDICINE OF FEDERAL MEDICAL AND BIOLOGICAL AGENCY OF RUSSIA, MOSCOW, RUSSIA 2 -LESGAFT STATE UNIVERSITY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION, SPORTS AND HEALTH, ST.PETERSBURG, RUSSIA 3 -CENTER OF SPORTS MEDICINE OF SAINT-PETERSBURG COMMITTEE OF PUBLIC HEALTH, SAINT-PETERSBURG, RUSSIA

Objective: to determine and eliminate factors limiting working capacity in swimmers, and to estimate the efficiency of functional food (FF) in different periods of training process (basic, before competition, competition).
Materials and Methods: 10 athletes: 3 females (mean age 24,7±3,5 years) and 7 males (mean age 20,6±4,7 years) were investigated. The study was conducted in two stages: 1st – before the consumption of FF, 2nd – after 2-months of consumption of FF. The participants were examined with echocardiography, electroneuromyography, also blood and urine samples were investigated. Nutrition programs were designed individually for each participant.
Results: general working capacity increased by 1,1±0,3 Watt (PWC170/kg), and 11±4ml/kg/min (VO2max). There was an improvement in protein exchange indicators in 80% of subjects, and in enzyme function in all athletes. More than a half of the participants showed improvements in the oxygen-transport system, based on the results of the blood samples. 9 swimmers also improved their sport results.
Conclusions: the efficiency of FF is based on identification of factors limiting athletes working capacity, and consideration of the period of training. Choice of FF for individual programs should be done after a detailed analysis of biologically-active compounds, their pharmacodynamics and interactions. The developed individual programs of the «Santegra» FF had a positive effect on the improvement of sports results, and eliminating the factors limiting the working capacity in athletes.
Keywords: 
factors limiting work capacity; sports medicine; functional food; biologically active compounds; performance evaluation; training; swimming.