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MEDICAL ASPECTS OF SHOE SELECTION FOR PROFESSIONAL VOLLEYBALL PLAYERS

V. V. RODIONOV (1), I. V. KLUYEVA (2) 1 -«LOKOMOTIV-NOVOSIBIRSK» VOLLEYBALL CLUB, NOVOSIBIRSK, RUSSIA 2 -NOVOSIBIRSK TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF MOSCOW STATE INSTITUTE OF DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY, NOVOSIBIRSK, RUSSIA

Objective: to study the anthropometric features of lower limbs, and feet deformations of professional volleyball players and rationalize the choice of performance shoes.
Materials and Methods: the anthropometric parameters of lower limbs and feet of 25 volleyball male players from the volleyball club «Lokomotiv-Novosibirsk» were examined (13 players of the High league, and 11 of the Super league), and their plantograms were obtained. The obtained data was analyzed and compared with the data of the State Standard 3927-88 «Lasts. General Specifications» and the State Standard 23724-85 «Sports Footwear Lasts». The sports shoes for professional volleyball manufactured by Asics и Mizuno were examined.
Results: the foot joints line of the High League players was narrower than that of the Super League players. Three players of the first team and four players of the second team had feet with the coefficient K (characterizing longitudinal arch of a foot) less than 0,5 and revealing a hollow cavovarus deformity (a claw-foot). The largest deformations of the bone structure of feet were found in the Super League players, which could be explained with their age and sport experience. The results of assessment of sports shoes showed that the models manufactured by Asics had the closest parameters to these of the standards, while the Mizuno models are designed for a broader feet.
Conclusions: the received data allows to develop the individual recommendations for choosing the manufacturer of sport shoes depending on the sports experience and the degree of feet deformation.
Keywords: 
volleyball; shoe; training; deformation; insole.