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MODEL CHARACTERISTICS OF CONSTITUTION TYPES OF LEADING JUNIOR ATHLETES

I. N. ZHUCHKOVA ROSTOV STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, ROSTOV-ON-DON, RUSSIA

Objective: to study model features of constitution types of the strongest junior athletes living in the South of Russia, which determine their specialization, qualifications and training condition.
Materials and Methods: 44 athletes from the Olympic School of Rostov-on-Don were examined. Their somatotypes were determined by methods of somatotyping of R.N. Dorokhov and V.G. Petruhina. Functional indicators such as physical working capacity, aerobic capacity, power indicators, and the parameters of the parasympathetic were eveluated.
Results: the somatotype of leading female athletes was mesomacrosomic, microcorpulent, micromuscular, microostic and mesomacromembranous. The somatotype of leading male athletes: macrosomic, micromesocorpulent, micromuscular, microostic and mesomacromembranous. In endurance athletes a low level of muscle mass (0,26±0,242) was found. 61% of athletes had mesomacromembranous type. Absolute physical performance among male athletes was 1648±221 kg∙m/min, among female atthles – 1177,5±242 kg∙m/min.
Conclusions: for the selection of athletes, sports planning, and for training in athletics it is important to consider the ratio of morphological and functional indices characterizing the overall endurance.
Keywords: 
somatotype; juniors; track and field; physical performance; fitness.