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PERSPECTIVES OF THE FLATBED HYDROTHERAPY TECHNOLOGY IN TRAUMA REHABILITATION

O. B. MATVEEV, G. A. MOROZ V.I. VERNADSKY CRIMEAN FEDERAL UNIVERSITY, SIMFEROPOL, REPUBLIC OF CRIMEA

Objective: to prove the effectiveness of the hydro-flatbed technology (HFT) in complex rehabilitation after the knee cruciate ligament surgery.
Materials and Methods: 24 patients (mean age 20.6±2.7 years) after cruciate ligament surgery were divided into two groups: the control group (n=10) received basic rehabilitation complex: magnetic therapy, exercise therapy, regional massage; and the study group (n=14) received basic rehabilitation complex and HFT.
Results: it was found that the HFT significantly contributes to the recovery processes: after rehabilitation the maximum angle of the knee flexion was 121.07±7.64 degrees in study group and 107.00±4.96 in control group; knee joint circumference was 42.5±3.0 cm and 46.5±3.5 cm, respectively. Results of Richie's test were 0.36±0.13 points in the study group and 1.60±0.16 points in the control group. HFT helps to improve blood circulation and trophysm in the affected tissues. Both these factors predetermine the outcomes of rehabilitaiton with the factorial power of influence 8.1 % (p ≤ 0.05). Effects of the activation of the epithelium-associated lymphoid tissue due to the HFT-effects on reparation processes prevail (factorial power of influence was 9.5 %; p ≤ 0.05).
Conclusions: HFT can be recommended as an effective tool for use in trauma rehabilitation.
Keywords: 
rehabilitation; hydro-flatbed technology; traumatology; knee joint; cruciate ligament.