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IMPACT OF THE HERBAL «KLADOROD» BIOCOMPLEX TO IMPROVE PHYSICAL EFFICIENCY OF ATHLETES (WRESTLING)

K. N. NAUMOVA(1), V. V. ANSHAKOVA (1), B. M. KERSHENGOLTZ (1,2) 1 -NORTH-EASTERN FEDERAL UNIVERSITY NAMED AFTER M.K. AMMOSOV, YAKUTSK , RUSSIA 2 -STATE RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF BIOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CRYOLITHOZONE OF THE SIBERIAN BRANCH OF THE RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, YAKUTSK, RUSSIA

Objective: to study the effectiveness of the «Kladorod» biocomplex as a complex of bioactive substances from the thallus of lichens and rhodiola rosea to increase physical performance of athletes (wrestling).
Materials and Methods: athletes (n = 40) with the different adaptation level to physical loads were analyzed by the «Omega-C» complex and divided into three groups: I group – low level (14-35%; n = 10), II group – middle level (36-64%; n = 10), III group – high level (65-100%). Group III (n = 10) was supplemented with the control group (n = 10) who took placebo calcium gluconate. Diagnostics of psychophysiological state of organism of athletes was conducted by «Omega-C» complex.
Results: at the end of the experiment in the I group (athletes took 2-3 capsules daily with a mass ratio of rhodiola rosea/lichen at 1:5) adaptation to physical loads increased by 24.8%, the level of fitness – 45.2%, energy – 16.6%, psycho-emotional state has improved by 23.8% and athletic form – 27.8%. In the II group (athletes took 4 capsules a day with a mass ratio of rhodiola rosea/lichen at 1:10) adaptation to physical loads increased by 5.4%, the level of fitness – 21.7%, the energy – 5.7%, psychoemotional state – by 11.3% and athletic form – 4.3%. In the experimental III group (athletes took 2-3 capsules daily with a mass ratio of rhodiola rosea/ lichen at 1:10) adaptation to physical loads decreased by 12.5% (control group took placebo – 26.1%), the level of fitness 10.4% (control group – 26.7%), energy – 11.6% (control group – 24.4%), the athletic form – 2.9% (control group – 13.1%). Differences between the experimental and control group on emotional state indicator is not statistically reliable.
Conclusions: the use of the «Kladorod» biocomplex in the I and II groups contributes the growth (III group – the preservation) of adaptation to physical activity, fitness, energy, emotional state and athletic form.
Keywords: 
pharmacological support; elite sports; athletes of high qualification; biologics; rhodiola rosea; wrestling; biocomplex; physical efficiency.