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COMPENSATORY MECHANISMS OF SENSOR SUPPLY OF PSYCHOMOTOR FUNCTIONS OF CHILDREN WITH VISI ON, CONTROL AND SE LF-CONTROL ABN ORMALITIES AGED 7-10 YEARS

V. V. DYCHKO(1) , V. I. SHEYKO (2), S. T. KOKHAN (3), D. V. DYCHKO (1), V. E. BOBIREV (1), V. S. VASILEVSKY (1) 1 -DONBASS STATE PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY, SLAVYANSK, UKRAINE 2 -KIEV HRINCHENKA UNIVERSITY, KIEV, UKRAINE 3 -TRANSBAIKAL STATE UNIVERSITY, CHITA, RUSSIA

Objective: Determine the level of accuracy of movements and factors for optimization of correctional education of children with vision disorders. Materials and methods: Prior to participating in the study 84 student grades 1–3 (7–10 years) were recruited, including the 34 children without the residual vision (Slavyansk Special Boarding School № 23 of Donetsk Regional Council).
Results: At the first stage of the study it was found that in the first school year blind children can learn, on average, only 8.7% of the basic movements, which are provided by the program; in the second– 6.5% in the third – 4.8%. The knowledge of terminology was even lower. In the first school year students the indicator is 4.1%, in the second– 1.2%, in the third grade – 1.2%. The next stage involves the study aimed at examining the effectiveness of the influence of traditional methods of teaching of basic motor actions. The obtained results showed that none of the methods provide sufficient information for the children to create high-quality understanding of environment.
Conclusions: This study demonstrates the need for didactic oriented individual selection of means and methods of motor actions to develop accuracy in children with pathology of primary school age, as they are the main cognitive emotional and biodynamic factors that underpin the quality of exercise of different form and content and effectiveness of compensatory mechanisms of the complex structure of the defect, psychomotor development.
Keywords: 
Кey words: psychomotor; blind and visually impaired children; psychophysiological status; evaluation; control; correction; compensation; rehabilitation.