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COMPA RATI VE EVALUATION OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PREPA REDNESS OF CHILDREN IN PRESCHOOL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF UZBEKISTAN

L. M. BASHAROVA (1), Z. F. MAVLYANOVA (2) 1 -RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF SANITATION, HYGIENE AND OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES, TASHKENT, UZBEKISTAN 2 -SAMARKAND STATE MEDICAL INSTITUTE, SAMARKAND, UZBEKISTAN

Objective: Identify characteristics of physical activity of preschool children in Uzbekistan and justify the effectiveness of the developed complex of exercises. Materials and methods: 3112 children aged 5 to 6 years old attending General preschool educational institutions in Tashkent, three republic’s regions and the Qarakalpakstan were examined. The physical activity readiness parameters of children were studied in 8 tests.
Results: Average test results depended on age, sex and residence region of childrens. After 1 year of implementation of exercise programm performance significantly improved in 6/8 tests in 50 childrens (intervention group), and among preschool children in the control group (145 children) – in 3/8 tests only; the height gain was more significant among children in the main group compared to their peers in the control group, with boys having higher growth rates than girls.
Conclusions: Implementation of the developed physical exercise complex has considerable influence on the level of girls’ physical activity. The number of boys in the main group who could not execute physical control exercises test ranged from 9,1 to 27,3%.
Keywords: 
preschool age; physical activity; physical education; physical exercises; testing; morning gymnastics; sport.