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MORPHOFUNCTIONAL INDICATORS CONDITION OF YOUNG FINSWIMMERS IN THE TWO YEARS TRAINING CYCLE

I. V. ALAEVA, V. A. MARGAZI N, A. V. KOROMYSLOV USHINSKY YAROSLAVL STATE PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY, YAROSLAVL, RUSSIA

Objective: To study the influence of the regular two-year trainings at the physical development and functional reserves in young finswimmers. Identification of the correlations between the physical development of the dynamics of the general and individual efficiency and indicators of functional reserves of the respiratory system.
Materials and Methods: The study involved 30 young finswimmers of 9–11 years. The study was conducted during the two years macrocycle training process. Physical development was studied by anthropometry: weight, height, chest circumference (for inspiration), vital capacity of the lungs, dynamometry (determination of muscle strength hands (right and left). Evaluation of physical development was carried out by the indices (index Pine, Quetelet index, life index and power index). Status of functional reserves of the cardiorespiratory system was studied using the following tests: standard test with breath inspiratory (test Stange) and expiratory (test Genchi), the definition of general and individual efficiency.
Results: During the regular two years training cycle trainings of young finswimmers were found a significant increase in physical development and functional reserves of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.
Conclusions: The study revealed a high correlation between some parameters of physical development (vital capacity of the lungs, the scope of the chest) and general and individual efficiency.
Keywords: 
young finswimmers; biennium macrocycle training process; physical development; functional reserves of the cardiovascular system and the respiratory system.