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IODINE AND PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE OF ATHLETES

N. V. MANUKYAN, A. S. OGANESYAN REPUBLICAN CENTRE OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND ANTI-DOPING SERVICE, YEREVAN, ARMENIA

<br><b>Objective:</b> to compare efficiency and safety of the «Armenicum capsules» and the «Iod-active 100». Materials and methods: 105 athletes divided
into three groups: group 1 received 72 mg iodine («Armenicum capsules»), group 2 – 100 mg iodine («Iod-active 100»), and group 3 received a placebo.
<br><b>Results:</b> The levels of hemoglobin, erythrocytes, lymphocytes and an immunoglobulin A increased in group 1, and did not change significantly in
groups 2 and 3. The testosterone/cortisol ratio, which shows the anabolic status of an organism, significantly increased in group 1. This ratio decreased
in patients who received Iodine-active, and did not change in the placebo group. A patients’ survey showed that the «Armenicum capsules» can promote
a decrease in the degree of tiredness after physical work. Treatment with the «Armenicum capsules » raised a level of physical performance, in contrast
to placebo or «Iod-active 100». <br><b>Conclusions:</b> 50–100 mg iodine daily can increase a physical performance of athletes, in contrast to the low dozes
contained in biologically active additives.

Keywords: 
iodide; athletes; work performance; hemoglobin; immunoglobulin A; the anabolic status; fatigue severity scale.