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STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL FEA TURES OF THE HEAR T IN YOUNG BASKE TBALL PLAYERS OF THE URAL FEDERAL UNIVERSITY TEAM

K. R. MEKHDIEVA (1), V. E. TIMOKHINA (2), YU. A. ZINOVYEVA (3), F. A. BLYAKHMAN (1,2) 1 -URAL FEDERAL UNIVERSITY NAMED AFTER THE FIRST PRESIDENT OF RUSSIA B.N. YELTSIN, EKATERINBURG, RUSSIA 2 -URAL STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, EKATERINBURG, RUSSIA 3 -URAL STATE HOSPITAL №2, EKATERINBURG, RUSSIA

Objective: to assess global and local heart structures and functions of players of the Ural Federal University basketball team. Materials and methods: cardiac echolocation, original image processing methods and further analysis of obtained data from 11 basketball players of the Ural Federal (mean age 21.8±4.0 (18–26) years).
Results: (1) all investigated athletes had heart anomalies in the form of false tendons in the left ventricle; (2) indices of global heart function and structure remained within normal values; (3) regional myocardial structure was not homogeneous.
Conclusions: high degree of left ventricle mechanical asynchrony in all studied individuals enables to assume the involvement of functional reserves in adaptation to physical exercise of young athletes with false tendons in the left ventricle.
Keywords: 
connective tissue dysplasia syndrome; heart; left ventricle; false tendons; myocardium structure and function.