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SWIMMING SESSIONS AND DYNAMIC OF FUNC TIONAL INDICA TORS IN CHILDREN WITH ALIMENT ARY OBESITY

V. S. SOKOLOVA, N. E. SAKHAROVA MOSCOW STATE PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY, MOSCOW, RUSSIA

Objective: to study physical status and dynamics of the functional parameters in children with an alimentary obesity, who receive a special swimming therapy. Materials and methods: 99 children, aged 6–11, were divided into 2 groups: (1) patients with an alimentary obesity (n=43), and (2) control group with normal weight (n=56). All children were examined four times (before training, and after 3, 6 and 9 months of swimming). Anthropometric measures, height to weight ratios, height/weight proportion, fat skin folds were evaluated. The functional state of the organism was assessed by measuring vital lung capacity, respiratory rate, heart rate, blood pressure, and hand held dynamometry.
Results: functional indicators, skin fold thickness hand dynamometry and the physical condition of the patients improved after swimming sessions.
Conclusions: this study showed that swimming is beneficial for children with alimentary obesity.
Keywords: 
obesity; overweight; swimming; functional status; health of juniors; physical status; school.