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BIOCHEMICAL AND HEMA TOLOGICAL CRI TERIA IN SPOR TS TRAINING MANAGEMENT

O. B. DOBROVOLSKIY (1), A. YU. SIDENKOV (1), I. A. LAZAREVA (1), F. M. SHVETSKIY (2) 1 -SECHENOV FIRST MOSCOW STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, MOSCOW, RUSSIA 2 -RUSSIAN SKATING UNION, MOSCOW, RUSSIA
This review analyzed articles on the issue of medical and biological control of the training process in sports. The latest trends in the biochemical monitoring of sporting activities and the main parameters of interest to coaches and specialists in sports medicine, as well as indicated promising directions for further research, were shown. An overview of the research of various authors prove that the biochemical parameters such as liver enzymes, the levels of sex hormones, cortisol, lactate, glucose, glycogen, urea, and other indicators of fat, carbohydrate and protein metabolism allow to diagnose signs of fatigue at an early stage and make adjustments in the training process. It was shown that rational planning of the training process prior to the main event, depends largely on the success of performance efficiency of the training process. The effectiveness of the training process, as well as the result of competitive activity, as a consequence of targeted training activities, are largely determined by proper planning, dispensing exercise, proper choice of means and methods of training.
Keywords: 
training management; metabolism; blood; hormones; research methods; lactate; enzymes; protein; lipid metabolism; protein metabolism; carbohydrate metabolism; sport.