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COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF LIMB JOINTS GONIOMETRIC STUDIES OF MEN AND WOMEN OF DIFFERENT SOMATOTYPES

S. N. DEREVTSOVA (1), S. V. SHTEYNERDT (2), E. E. ACHKASOV (2) 1 -KRASNOYARSK STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY PROFESSOR V.F. VOJNO-YASENETSKY, KRASNOYARSK, RUSSIA 2 -SECHENOV FIRST MOSCOW STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, MOSCOW, RUSSIA
In this paper we study goniometric particular limb joints depending on gender and somatotype. 1059 people: 417 men and 642 women were surveyed. Measurement of active movements in the major joints of the upper and lower extremities was performed with a goniometer. Identified sex, age and constitutional differences in volume produced by movements in the major joints of the limbs. Women of II period of elderly age in comparison with men of similar age showed the greatest range of motion in the wrist, hip and ankle joints. In the elderly of both sexes recorded a deficit in terms of movements performed in all joints. However, older women, unlike men produced a significantly greater range of motion in the elbow,wrist, hip and ankle joints. The greatest range of motion showed men and women of mature age asthenic somatotype among the elderly - male normosthenic somatotype. Results of the study can be used as markers to identify deviations from the norm and prevent a number of diseases, taking into account the individual characteristics of the organism.
Keywords: 
goniometry, anthropometry, joints, body composition, fat component, muscular component, bone components, somatotype, range of motion in joints, shoulder joint, elbow joint, the knee joint.