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THE SUDDEN DEATH OF YOUNG ATHLETES (REVIEW OF FOREIGN LITERATURE)

Е. Е. ACHKASOV (1), S. N. PUZIN (1,2), О. B. DOBROVOL'SKII (1), О. Т. BOGOVA(2), I. А. LAZAREVA (1), V. V. PYATNENKO (1), О. S. SHTEFAN (1) 1 -SECHENOV FIRST MOSCOW STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY OF RUSSIAN MINISTRY OF HEALTH, MOSCOW, RUSSIA 2 -RUSSIAN MEDICAL ACADEMY OF POSTGRADUATE EDUCATION OF RUSSIAN MINISTRY OF HEALTH, MOSCOW, RUSSIA
This article presents a systematic literature review on sudden cardiac death in young athletes. It is shown, that sudden cardiac death is caused by many factors: genetic, environmental and training intensity. A close investigation and understanding of the structural and electrophysiological heart characteristics can help to find athletes at risk.
Keywords: 
sudden death, sports, heart, cardiomyopathy, myocardial hypertrophy, physical training, men, gender, genetics, testosterone, race, arrhythmia.