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ESTIMATION OF ACTUAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL STATE BY HIGHLY SKILLED WEIGHT-LIFTING ATHLETES

М. А. АBRАМОVА, К. М. GАPPАRОVА, G. А. АZIZBЕKYAN, YU. G. CHЕKHОNINА, I. S. ZILОVА, D. B. NIKITYUK
For an assessment of a number of physiological and biochemical indicators of athletes -weightlifters of the top skills were used by modern methods of sports medicine and nutrition of athletes. In quality indicators estimated a physical condition, features of the nutrition status, adaptable potential. Twenty women – athletes in weightlifting, ten sportsmen in weightlifting and a control group of twenty persons who have a normal weight and overweight in the anamnesis and at the moment of examination. The results showed that at all groups of athletes is noted normal level of the main exchange, speed of oxidation of proteins, fats and carbohydrates also corresponded to normal level. Sportsmen marked by high levels of muscle and bone tissue, indicating a good physical form of athletes. The analysis of power was marked by an imbalance of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, vitamins and micronutrients in the diet. These data formed the basis for the development of individual daily diets for athletes.
Keywords: 
professional sportsmen, weightlifters, physical and emotional indicators, nutrition status, diet of athletes, ability to adaptation.