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INDIVIDUAL CHARAC TERIS TICS OF ELI TE ATHLE TES' GENE TIC STATUS ANALYSIS

E. B. MOROZOVA (1), A. E. TARASKINA (4), Е. S. KOSTRYUKOVA (2), E. V. GENEROZOV (2), N. A. KULEMIN (2), I. I. AHMETOV (3), V. M. GOVORUN (2) 1 -FEDERAL SPORTS MEDICINE CENTER OF FEDERAL MEDICAL BIOLOGICAL AGENCY, MOSCOW, RUSSIA 2 -RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL MEDICINE OF FEDERAL MEDICAL BIOLOGICAL AGENCY, MOSCOW, RUSSIA 3 -VOLGA REGION STATE ACADEMY OF PHYSICAL CULTURE, SPORT AND TOURISM, KAZAN, RUSSIA 4 -NORTH-WESTERN STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY NAMED AFTER I.I. MECHNIKOV, SAINT-PETERSBURG, RUSSIA
Human tendencies to be successful in a particular field of activity, including high level sports relate to phenotypic features encoded in the human genome. Genome of each person is unique. Idiopathic basis of individual differences constitutes genome polymorphisms (single nucleotide polymorphisms, insertions, deletions) that affect the functional response of each gene, the implementation of which occurs against external conditions. Combinations of different allelic variants of genes involved in the formation of specific phenotypic features are called «gene networks» or «genetic status». Individual characteristics of the elite sportsman’s genetic status analysis will help to assess the gene pool of the Russian Federation national teams’ athletes as a whole. It is necessary to identify new allelic variants of genes involved in the development of success in a particular sport. «Successful» genetic status can form the basis for assessing each athlete’s potential and the definition of genetic parameters is necessary for successful implementation in a particular sport for selection of adolescents in high level sports.
Keywords: 
single nucleotide polymorphism; genetic analysis; genetic predisposition.