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THEORETICAL JUSTIFICATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND SPORTS IN ACCELERATING THE PROCESS OF REHABILITATION IN PATIENTS WITH DISABILITIES OF THE MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM

I. V. PASTUHOVA (1,2), N. G. KALININA (3) 1 -FEDERAL SPORTS MEDICINE CENTER OF FEDERAL MEDICAL BIOLOGICAL AGENCY, MOSCOW, RUSSIA 2 -SECHENOV FIRST MOSCOW STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, MOSCOW, RUSSIA 3 -FEDERAL BUREAU OF MEDICAL SOCIAL EXPERTISE, MOSCOW, RUSSIA

Objective: To compare physical work capacity in the Paralympic athletes with disabilities of the musculoskeletal system. Materials and methods: 249 athletes, both male and female (mean age 28,4±4,5 y.o.). The athletes were tested during annual medical check-up.
Results: This article clearly, by comparative analysis of the performance data of Paralympic athletes, proved a significant increase in the integral indicators of the overall health of the disabled person, that improves and accelerates the processes of physical readaptation.
Conclusions: the authors consider the obtained data could be used as the first step for the development of model characteristics of rehabilitation and recovery of the Paralympic athletes.
Keywords: 
rehabilitation, injuries of musculoskeletal system, high intensity exercise, physical performance, the disabled athletes, spinal cord injury.