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INDIVIDUAL PROTECTIVE DENTAL SPLINTS FOR ATHLETES PARTICIPATING IN COMBAT SPORTS

A.V. SEVBITOV, E. E. ACHKASOV, E. Y. KANUKOEVA, V. V. BORISOV, O. A. SULTANOVA SECHENOV FIRST MOSCOW STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, MOSCOW, RUSSIA
The article presents the analysis of the works devoted to the problem of the maxillofacial area injuries prevention by using PPE (personal protection equipment) at the time of trainings. It also presents the statistics of such injuries and the necessity of using protective dental splints. Different types of individual protective dental splints made by heat sealing under the pressure of the constructive material layers based on ethylene-vinyl-acetate are considered in the article. At the time of trainings it is necessary to use the maxillofacial area splints to prevent injuries and reduce the probability of getting injuries of teeth, lips, cheeks and brain concussion. It is very important to choose for athletes individual protective dental splints with a special thickness and configuration for their maximum comfort. Such dental splints will not make heavy breathing, enable to drink water and communicate easily.
Keywords: 
injuries prevention, individual dental splints, ethylene-vinyl-acetate, biopolymers, adhesion, protective dental splint, sports, hockey.